Colonial Pantaloons

The theme of domination and subordination is central to the 19th-century masculine identity and to the western sense of superiority.
Economic changes in colonial times gave men a new social and ideological role -- that of breadwinner. Chauvinist stereotypes are established and strengthened by colonial
sublimation of deviant "otherness" by religious revival movements, particularly among Quakers, Mormons, and Oneida Perfectionists.